Prostate Cancer Surgery Melbourne

Prostate cancer affects up to one in seven Australian men in their lifetime. Whilst most men don’t die from the disease, it remains the second leading cause of cancer death in Australian men. Early detection and treatment can improve survival from prostate cancer. The surgeons at Melbourne Urology Centre work closely with medical oncologists and radiation oncologists to ensure you have access to all treatment options and a personalized, unbiased, multidisciplinary approach to your care.

Our surgeons perform prostate cancer surgery utilising the latest Da Vinci robotic assisted laparoscopic platform. This minimally invasive ‘keyhole’ approach has been shown to result in less blood loss and faster recovery time, getting you back on your feet quickly.

What is the prostate?

  • The prostate is a small gland deep in the pelvis, found only in males
  • It is situated below the bladder and the urethra (urine tube) passes through it and as a result some prostate conditions may result in urinary symptoms
  • It produces the semen fluid which is necessary for healthy sperm

What causes prostate cancer?

  • There is ongoing research into the exact causes of prostate cancer
  • Many dietary and environmental factors have been investigated however as yet none have been shown to either prevent or cause prostate cancer, however;
  • A healthy balanced diet high in fresh vegetables, fruit, nuts, minimal red meat and refined sugars, along with daily exercise, moderate alcohol intake and quitting smoking has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer in general
  • Prostate cancer is common and increases with age – the lifetime risk for an Australian man is up to one in 7
  • Whilst most men don’t die from prostate cancer, it remains the second most common cause of cancer death in Australian men
  • If you have one or more first-degree relative (father, brother, uncle) with prostate cancer you are have a 2-3 times risk

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

  • In the early stages, prostate cancer generally causes no symptoms at all; it is for this reason the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand recommend that men interested in assessing their prostate cancer risk should see their family doctor at age 50 (or 45 if there is a family history) for a PSA blood test*
  • Some of the symptoms of advanced prostate cancer may include:
    • Difficulty or pain with urination
    • Blood in the urine*
    • Back pain (from spread to the bones)
  • These symptoms are more commonly associated with BPH (enlarged prostate)*

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

  • There is no single test, examination or scan which can reliably detect prostate cancer on its own
  • If you are over 50 (or over 45 with a family history of prostate cancer) talk to your family doctor about getting a check-up
  • The first screening test will be a PSA* blood test that can help determine your individual risk
  • You may then be referred to a Urologist* for further evaluation which may include:
    • Prostate examination (digital rectal examination)
    • Multiparametric prostate MRI
    • MRI-fusion transperineal prostate biopsy

What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?

  • Not all prostate cancers are the same so every diagnosis needs to be considered on an individual basis and tailored to each patient. The surgeons at Melbourne Urology Centre work closely with medical oncologists and radiation oncologists to ensure you have access to all treatment options and a personalized, unbiased, multidisciplinary approach to your care.
  • In general, depending upon the severity of the cancer, your age and overall health there are 5 evidence-based treatment options:
    • Active surveillance*
    • Surgery (Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy)*
    • Radiation treatment*
    • Watchful waiting*
    • Systemic treatment for advanced cancer*

General health and Wellbeing

  • The surgeons at Melbourne Urology Centre understand that a prostate cancer diagnosis can be a very stressful and life-changing event
  • Whilst great surgical outcomes are critical, this is only one component of overall patient care
  • To assist in your recovery we, as required we facilitate: prostate cancer nurse support, psychologist, pelvic floor rehabilitation, sexual health management* and other survivorship pathways

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